How to Disinfect a Pet Food Storage Container

Tips to Clean Dog or Cat Food Bins After Pet Food Recalls 

During the late summer and early fall of 2008, hundreds of pet owners were affected by a pet food recall for Pedigree and more than a dozen other brands of food that were possibly contaminated with salmonella. Many of these pet owners placed the recalled pet food in a storage container, which must be disinfected properly to avoid illness and the spread of salmonella to dogs, cats and human family members. 

About the Pet Food Recall 

In August 2008, Mars Petcare U.S. issued a Pedigree dog food recall due to possible salmonella contamination. 

In September 2008, the salmonella-related pet food recall was expanded to include more than a dozen other brands of food that were manufactured at Mars Petcare’s Everson, Pennsylvania pet food factory between February 18, 2008 and July 29, 2008. 

The Everson plant is no longer manufacturing pet food, as the pet food factory was ordered closed at the end of 2008, in part because authorities were unable to locate the source of salmonella contamination, which reportedly spurred a pet food recall in 2007. 

Cleaning a Pet Food Storage Container Following a Pet Food Recall 

Although tainted pet food is no longer being produced, some stores are still unknowingly selling recalled Pedigree and several other brands of cat food and dog food manufactured by Mars Petcare. 

If a pet owner finds that they’ve purchased recalled pet food, there are a few special measures that pet owners should take to ensure that all traces of bacteria that could cause salmonella are killed. Properly disinfecting pet food storage containers will lower the risk of salmonella in dogs and cats. For more infos, check here.

Sanitizing a Pet Food Storage Container After a Recall 

  1. Begin by putting on a pair of cleaning gloves. 
  2. Rinse the crumbs out of the pet food storage container. 
  3. Mix a solution of one part bleach to four parts water and pour it into the container. 
  4. Use a clean rag (not a sponge – bacteria can live in the sponge and it can be difficult to disinfect) to scrub the inside walls of the storage container. Take your time and clean the inside of the storage container thoroughly and don’t forget to clean the cover and wipe-down the outside of the container as well. 
  5. Pour out the bleach and water mix. 
  6. Rinse the pet food storage container. 
  7. Next, use a second clean rag to thoroughly wash the inside, outside and cover of the plastic pet food storage container using an anti-bacterial soap. Take five or ten minutes to wash the container, carefully tending to all the corners, nooks and crannies. 
  8. Repeat the same process for the pet’s food and water bowls, and any other areas where the recalled pet food has contacted, including dog bowl stands, dog bowl place mats or trays, and the floor around where the dog eats. 
  9. For cleaning the floor and other items that don’t fit in the sink, place the bleach solution in an empty spray bottle and use paper towels for an easy clean-up that will lower the risk of salmonella in pets and human family members. 
  10. Either throw out the rags or launder using bleach. 

How to Tame a Budgie: A Simple Guide to Bird Taming

The Budgerigar is the most popular pet parrot in the world. It is an energetic, social bird which can be interesting to both watch and play with. Yet it is astounding how many people do not bother even attempting to tame these wonderful birds. 

The first step to taming a bird comes when the bird is purchased. If a bird is to be tamed it should be purchased at the earliest age possible. Establishing a line of communication with a local pet shop can easily facilitate this. Most shops will quite happily agree to ring a customer when a new group of budgies are brought in to the store. 

The youngest budgies are generally the most expensive, going for up to $50. However, these a generally the healthiest and easiest to train. 

Make Sure the Budgie’s Wings are Clipped 

This point can not be stressed enough. Taming a budgie involves having the bird out of its cage of periods of time. If its wings are not clipped then if it attempts to fly away, it can be very difficult to regain control of. Having atleast one wing clipped means that a budgie can not fly very far or high, allowing it to be let out of its cage without the fear of it escaping. 

Another thing to be cautious of is windows and mirrors. Birds can find it difficult to see the glass, and will often fly at full speed into the window or mirror. This can cause injury or even death, so it is crucial to keep the budgie away from windows or mirrors in the early stages of its training. 

Be Mindful of the Toys in the Bird’s Cage 

Budgies require stimulation in their time locked away. There are a variety of bird toys on the market that will give a bird hours of fun and enjoyment. However, mirrors can pose a problem if a budgie is to be tamed. Some budgies can become extremely possessive and absorbed by their mirrors, seeing it as a mate or partner. This can lead to the bird lashing out at any hands entering the cage as a defensive mechanism. If this occurs, the mirror should be removed from the cage. The bird should return to a more placid state within days. 

Be Persistent 

It may take a while for a budgie to begin to warm to human interaction. Female birds in particular are more sensitive to social contact. Therefore it is crucial to continue touching and playing with the bird, even if it is hesitant or even hostile at first. Eventually the bird will become more comfortable with close human contact, and may even begin to enjoy it. Once a bird becomes more tamed it will undoubtably be the one to initiate the contact, climbing all over their owner, and affectionately gnawing on his or her fingers. 

Keep the Bird’s Cage Clean 

This may seem like an obvious part of owning a bird, but it is crucial that the budgie’s cage be kept clean, and in an area that has access to regular natural sunlight. Budgie health is a big contributor to how well a bird acts, and how well it is able to be trained. 

Keep Up the Physical Contact 

Once the budgie has been successfully tamed, it is important not to simply lock it up in its cage, and stop giving it regular attention. The budgie has become accustomed to the regular human contact, and without it will become lonely. If the bird has the right temperate and is trained correctly, it can have its cage left open at all times to come and go as it pleases. This way the budgerigar can explore its surroundings and socialise as it pleases while still being able to return to its cage for food, water and rest. 


Budgie training can be a fun, enriching experience. It can also be one that all members of the family can participate in. Let’s dive into the next post.

Flower Essences Help Pets

Flower Remedies Especially Helpful for Trauma and Behavior Problems 

The use of flower essences has spread with surprising strength among animal owners of all types. These include typical pet owners, plus owners and breeders of working animals, such as show cats, racehorses, and herding dogs. 

While Fluffy and Fido’s problems surely deserve to be helped with flower essences, the enormous investment of time and money involved with working animals means that they receive many different types of treatments because their problems must be solved. 

Veterinarians, groomers, pet sitters, and others who handle animals professionally also use essences to help smooth their interactions and minimize any trauma that might occur in the course of their work. Wildlife rehabilitators also find essences invaluable in their work. 

Essences are helpful for such situations as shock, trauma, aggression, phobias, destructive behavior, relationship problems, and more. And because animals don’t have to struggle over whether essences are “weird” by the standards of the most orthodox medicine, they can just get on with getting better when they receive what they need. 

Four Approaches to Choosing The Best Essences for an Animal 

There are several approaches that are useful when trying to figure out just what essence or essences would help a particular animal the most; four will be briefly described here. First, the most general would be to give the animal a “generalist essence”. A generalist essence is one that has the broadest possible range of action and uses. Its description will speak about stress, trauma, upset, or a need for recovery. Examples are Bach’s Rescue Remedy, Healing Herbs’ Five Flower, or Masters’ Pear. 

The second approach involves looking at the specific symptoms the animal is displaying. Is he being controlling and aggressive? Fearful of loud noises? Cowering at everyone and everything? Jealous of attention given to others? Each of these situations would be best addressed by a different essence; consult manufacturers’ literature to help guide you with making these more specific choices. 

Third, you can switch your thinking to accentuating the positive: what qualities and abilities does he or she use to cope with the world? Is the animal naturally intelligent? Very affectionate? Highly athletic? Choose an essence that accentuates whatever their strength is, and you will be helping them strengthen their most depended upon quality. 

The fourth approach is used when the animal’s personality is already well known. Regardless of what troublesome symptoms the animal is exhibiting at the moment, give her a remedy that most matches her underlying personality. Is she often spacey? Has to be in the middle of everything? Never rests until everyone has been taken care of? Choose a remedy to uplift and support her inner-most core to help her toward being her best. 

How to Administer Essences to Animals 

Adding the essence mixture to food or water is a simple approach. Dabbing some on his ears, lips, nose, or fur also works well, though cats will shy away from the smell if the essence is preserved in alcohol. 

Animals have a great instinct for what is good for them and will often help you help them when what they are receiving is just right. Some pets are so happy to get their essences they will come running to accept a dropper-full right into their eager, open mouths! 

But other animals particularly ones who have been traumatized or abused may not be easy to dose. It’s preferable to find a way by which the animal would not be further upset when given essences; some method that seems natural, non-intrusive and casual to them. 

Ferret Diseases, Cancers, and Genetic Issues

Pet Ferrets Can Develop Health Problems With Age 

Pet ferrets can suffer from a variety of illness and disease. Proper care, exercise, and diet can do a lot to delay or prevent these problems, but some ferrets will still develop the ailments. Since the risk of death from illness is high, prompt veterinary care is crucial. 

Blockages, or GI Tract Foreign Bodies 

This is the most common health problem a ferret is likely to develop. According to Dr. Susan Brown in her article on the Ferret FAQ, this is more likely to be an issue in younger ferrets. Blockages can be caused by many things – most commonly chewed or gnawed material, a hairball from ingesting excess hair while shedding, or indigestible vegetable matter. 

Ferrets love to chew, but when they swallow things they can’t digest, it’s very difficult for the animals to pass the objects. Dr. Susan Brown explains that blockages forming in the upper digestive tract can make an animal waste away over many months, but if the blockage lodges in the intestines the animal becomes violently ill within 24-48 hours. Surgery is the only option if there is an intestinal blockage, and the main option for stomach blockages. 

Unspayed Females and Blind Ferrets 

Aplastic anemia is a problem that only affects unspayed females. Dr. Brown defines it as “a condition caused by high levels of … estrogen that is produced during the heat period which … suppresses the production of red and white blood cells.” Deaths occur from anemia and infections that the ferret can’t fight off due to the lack of white blood cells. It occurs in females allowed to stay in heat for one month or more. 

Prevention is simple – a spayed female ferret doesn’t have any risk for aplastic anemia. Most ferrets bought from a shelter or pet store are already fixed. Ferrets can also suffer from bladder stones, apparently caused by a high ash content in their food. 

Dr. Brown says that a low ash food will keep bladder stones from being an issue. Cataracts are also a possibility, but there is no current treatment for them. Cataracts seem to be hereditary, says Dr. Brown, so ferrets with cataracts should not be bred. 

Ferrets Can Catch Contagious Viruses 

There are only three viruses that ferrets are known to be susceptible to. The first is the common flu, or influenza virus. They can catch it or spread it to humans, according to Dr. Brown, so flu sufferers should avoid handling ferrets. Canine distemper is another virus ferrets can catch. 

Distemper is 100% fatal, and most often caught through contact with the virus during a walk or from the clothing or a person who has contact with an infected dog. There are vaccines for ferrets, but they have some risks. 

ECE, or epizootic catarrhal enteritis, is the third of the viruses that can affect ferrets. According to Dr. Brown, ECE is spread through body fluids. Young ferrets tend to survive it easily, but older or weak ferrets can die without proper treatment. 

Ferrets Can Develop Cancer 

There are four main types of cancer that affect ferrets: 

  1. Lymphosarcoma, affects the lymphatic system. The cause is unknown. 
  2. Insulinoma. According to Dr. Brown it is “a tumor of the pancreas leading to a high insulin production and a low blood sugar”. 
  3. Adrenal Adenoma, a tumor on the adrenal gland. 
  4. Common Skin Tumors, mast cells or sebaceous gland adenomas, usually benign. 

Lymphosarcoma can only be treated through chemotherapy. Dr. Brown’s article explains that insulinoma can be treated through surgery or daily medication. Adrenal adenoma usually requires surgery, and skin tumors are recommended to be removed if they are bleeding or causing the ferret pain. 

Bacterial Infections 

Helicobacter mustelae infection is a common bacterial infection of the stomach lining, according to Dr. Brown. It can be spread through direct contact, or on clothing or skin that has come in contact with an infected ferret. The infection can be difficult to diagnose, as it has mostly long term effects. A long infection can lead to an enlarged spleen or a gastric ulcer. 

Urinary tract infections can also effect ferrets. Swollen vulvas or prostates, due to adrenal disease, are a common cause of these infections, as Dr. Brown explains. Treatment is simple, usually just requiring antibiotics, but underlying causes may mean reoccurring infections. 

Ferret Health Issues Often Require Veterinary Attention 

Proper care can prevent or slow the effects of these diseases and illnesses, but many of them require medication or surgery. Ferrets should see a specialist vet at least once a year, to catch any of these problems while they can still be treated. Some issues, like bladder stones or blockages, can be completely prevented by proper diet and careful ferret proofing. 

Eliminate the issue of pests in some best ways

Some of the pests that irritate us like lizards, rats, Cockroaches, flies, bugs, spiders, bed insects, termites, bees, fruit flies, and also deplete flies! Who will not dislike these annoying creatures? Such are harmful along with annoying animals, which could kill or very seriously sick somebody who resembles them. These kinds of pests are just everywhere and anywhere that is not maintained correctly and is not sanitary. So here are some of the best types of pest control that method will really helps you.

Types of pest control

Prevention- It should belong of your pest control deal whatever, for there is no suggesting which the very best method to resist pest problems is to avoid them from occurring initially.

Baiting- Insect baiting includes utilizing a bait that could be a pesticide, a natural substance such as a diatomaceous planet, and even a usual kitchen cupboard thing to entice bugs into catches. A few baits, in fact, include permitting the pests to feed upon toxins that they can then remind their nests, necessarily harming the whole population.

Beneficial insects- This kind of pest control secrets is most ideal for outside usage. All of us recognize that there are particular insects which love to feed on outside foliage and yard plants. What a few may mistake is which there are also pests which prey on those insects, which you could order those beneficial bugs through a catalog and placed them in your lawn to naturally resist pests.

Chemical pest control- Obviously, pesticides are a most usual form of insect control, and are generally by insect control providers, and also house owners. You could buy pesticides at any chain seller, home improvement store or hardware store and then just use them depending on the instruction of the manufacturer.

Traps- It is a superb technique for non-insect pests like rats and mice. Traps are specifically what they resemble: methods of capturing pests and keeping them before you could come to the trapped pest to put away it. Along with the usual mouse trap, you could also create box traps for large pests.